Food Grows Where Water Flows

For more than 25 years, the California Farm Water Coalition has been working with our members to share information about farm water issues, and reminding Californians that "Food Grows Where Water Flows."

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New Biological Opinion Fact Sheet

January 17, 2020 in CFWC Blog, Endangered Species, Fact Sheets, Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, Water Management

In October of 2019, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) released new biological opinions (BiOps) analyzing the operation of the Federal Central Valley project (CVP) and the California State Water Project (SWP). Following the release of the BiOps, there were numerous inaccurate characterizations of the opinions. To address this misinformation, CFWC published the linked informational piece, “Myths vs. Facts: 2019 Biological Opinions for Long Term Operations of the Central Valley Project and the State Water Project”.

The new fact sheet helps clarify four areas where incorrect information has been circulated in public: the use of best available science, protections for species under the Endangered Species Act, how the new BiOps go farther to protect imperiled species, and the process by which the BiOps underwent peer review and approval.

Developing rules that are designed to protect California’s natural resources requires an open and transparent process. The Biological Opinion fact sheet includes a list of FWS and NMFS independent experts that reviewed them prior to their approval, ensuring that the final product will provide the species protections expected under the ESA.

View or download the fact sheet at:

A California Farm will Likely Contribute to Your Family Thanksgiving

November 25, 2019 in CFWC Blog

A California Farm will Likely Contribute to Your Family Thanksgiving

One of the many things Californians have to be grateful for this Thanksgiving is that we live in a state that produces
an abundance of fresh food that not only feeds but nourishes, our families. At a recent Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) seminar Karen Ross, Secretary of the California Department of Food and Agriculture talked about California farmers “sense of purpose to help feed people, and not just feed them calories, but to nourish them. . . the kinds of crops California grows are so foundational to the best nutrition. . . that’s what we do here and we do it better than anyone else.”

California’s food diversity

We’re also fortunate that the variety of foods grown throughout California reflects the diversity of the state itself. With more than 71,000 farms producing 400 different commodities, pretty much every region of the state hosts farming, making year-round access to the foods we love something we tend to take for granted. Let your imagination be your guide.

Most of us are aware that, in addition to turkeys, the Central Valley produces an abundance of fruits, nuts, vegetables, and dairy products. But California farming is much bigger than that and keeps healthy food within easy reach. From the Central Coast Californians can count on strawberries, artichokes, lettuce, broccoli and cauliflower; you can head south for avocados for your salad as well as flowers for your holiday table; or head north for milk, cheese and other dairy products; stop in the Bay Area for garlic; and if you’re a sushi lover, the rice may well have come from the Sacramento Valley. Looking for bok choy or other Asian vegetables to have on your table? They are grown abundantly from Salinas to Santa Maria. A variety of mushrooms sprout in Santa Clara and Monterey. Apples are grown north of Los Angeles, east of San Diego, in the Central Valley and the North Coast.  And if you have wine with dinner, it now comes from many regions, including Napa and Sonoma, the San Joaquin Valley, Central Coast, and Sierra foothills.

California is the nation’s No. 1 farm state

As the nation’s largest agricultural producer, there aren’t many parts of the state that don’t host farms or farm-related businesses. Again, from Secretary Ross, California farms, “produce an astonishing array of products and achieve the highest standards in quality, food safety, and environmental stewardship.”

And California farming itself is a diverse business. It not only employs people growing and harvesting the food, but it also provides jobs throughout the state to people who transport, process and distribute the food in addition to companies that support farming by providing advanced irrigation, new technology, updated equipment, management services and more. According to a recent study put out by the University of California, agriculture employed more than 1 million people in 2018, paying them $68 billion in wages.

Safe and nutritious food for your family

So, when you survey your Thanksgiving table remember that a large part of the food your family will enjoy is likely California-grown, which is not only part of who we are, it’s healthy and safe, good for the economy and better for the environment because it doesn’t have to be shipped or trucked from another country. And that’s truly something to be grateful for.

Clearing the Water on the Biological Opinions

November 25, 2019 in CFWC Blog, Endangered Species, Endangered Species, Water Management, Water Supply

Clearing the Water on the Biological Opinions

There has been a lot of discussion recently about the federal rules known as biological opinions that are intended to protect threatened and endangered species in the San Francisco Bay-Delta region. According to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, a biological opinion, “…is a document that states the opinion of the service whether or not a federal action is likely to jeopardize the continued existence of listed species in the destruction or adverse modification of critical habitat.”

We are nearing the end of 10 years of implementation of the biological opinions that were adopted in 2008 and 2009 and aimed but failed to lead to the recovery of Delta smelt and Chinook salmon. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
and National Marine Fisheries Service, two agencies responsible for implementing the Endangered Species Act for different species, recently released updated versions of these biological opinions.

Calendar-based approach is outdated

Some stakeholders claim that existing calendar-based regulatory structures, rather than the new, real-time monitoring proposed under the updated rules are more protective of species. By contrast, many other stakeholders see a way to improve the reliability of water deliveries while also making positive changes in the environment. Specifically, we believe the new set of biological opinions actually increases protections for listed species and will help fish populations start to recover, rather than continue to decline as they have during the decade we’ve spent basing decisions on a calendar instead of emerging science.

Better protection for fish

So how are the new biological opinions an improvement over the previous ones? Here are four ways that fish receive the same or better protection moving forward.

Increased cold water pool at Shasta

1. Increased cold-water pool at Shasta. The additional amount of cold water that will be stored behind Shasta Dam will be used to maintain healthy temperatures AND will be managed better in order to protect salmon spawning in the Sacramento River.

2. Pumping restrictions related to salvage at the pumps. The salvage (or “take”) target for reducing pumping will be the 10-year average that was achieved under the old biological opinions. Some groups point to the old versions as the Gold Standard. Operating the Central Valley Project under the new biological opinions will not take any more fish than were taken under the old, outdated, and less flexible rules.

Projects will improve salmon spawning

3. Investments in fisheries. Under the new biological opinions, $1.5 billion will be spent on fishery improvements. That includes investments in habitat, restored spawning grounds and side channels in rivers and streams that are important to the salmon life cycle. Net pens for smelt placed in the Yolo Bypass and various reaches of the Delta will help increase smelt populations from a current estimate of about 5,000 fish to a projected half a million by leveraging the existing captive population. This trend reversal is exciting and will be subject to annual reporting, a level of transparency that did not exist under the old rules.

Real-time monitoring replaces a calendar-based approach

4. Real-time monitoring. Under the new rules, pumping restrictions would be based on real-time monitoring of where smelt and migrating salmon are in the Delta, rather than the seasonal prescriptions contained in the current regulations. When we know exactly where fish are it is much easier to make determinations for water project operations that deliver more water for people without any increased risk for fish.

Flexibility for water users

Creating better habitat, improving stream flows, controlling predators, and protecting listed species from the pumps in the Delta can help turn the tide for California’s struggling fisheries. These improvements will translate into more flexibility for water operators, which is good for farms, homes, and businesses. It is the kind of success we have sought, but one that has been out of reach under the old biological opinions.

Welcome to the Future of California Water Policy

October 23, 2019 in CFWC Blog

Welcome to the Future of California Water Policy

While we await an update on the Voluntary Agreements, it’s a good time to take a closer look at the many benefits of this generational change in managing water and the future of California water policy.

First, it’s important to understand just why the Voluntary Agreements are so revolutionary.

The regulatory structure we’re leaving behind operates by defining winners and losers. In a complete break with this system of built-in conflict, California is recognizing that we all share our most valuable resource and all water users should participate in determining its allocation. Under the Voluntary Agreements:

All water users come together and make decisions through a collaborative process:

Water users large and small, farms, cities, rural communities, conservationists as well as federal, state and local agencies have input, making the results comprehensive and immediate. In fact, the array of benefits provided by the Voluntary Agreements are only possible because of the cooperative process.

Urban realities are recognized and planned for: We can’t pretend that people don’t need water or that the state will cease to grow. Conservation is critical, but it can’t be the only tool. The Voluntary Agreements will help meet the needs of urban Californians as well as assist in preparing for the future.

Rural communities are not left behind: In the past, some rural areas have lacked a strong enough voice to ensure reliable surface water deliveries. Under the Voluntary Agreements, they have that voice.

Farms secure water reliability: California families, and the world, depend on our farms for healthy, affordable food. In fact, according to the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), “Food demand is expected to increase by more than 50% in just the next 30 years as the world’s population continues to grow.” EDF goes on to say, “Together, we can secure healthy food and clean water for all people without sacrificing the environment.”

We agree and believe the Voluntary Agreements are critical to making that happen because they provide farms with a key missing ingredient: reliability. If farms don’t know how much water they will have they can’t make planting decisions. In exchange for using less water overall and providing funding for environmental projects, farms will know how much water they will have and be able to plant accordingly.

The environment gets an increased and stable water budget: Because the Voluntary Agreements are a result of collaboration between all stakeholders, the increased amount of water for the environment will be protected. In September 9, 2019 comments submitted to Governor Newsom, the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) noted this as a key factor in building a water resilience portfolio. “One of the more important tools that should be adopted is ecosystem water budgets—blocks of water set aside for the environment that can be managed flexibly.” The Voluntary Agreements provide this important tool, delivering support for fish as well as wildlife.

Ongoing funding provided for ecosystem management: In the same report, PPIC also recommends we begin treating the ecosystem as a whole by addressing multiple issues at once. “Rather than focusing on just protecting listed species in order to acquire Clean Water Act and endangered species Act permits, the goal is to define and manage toward a healthy ecosystem.”

In another historic first, farms and other water users are agreeing to tax themselves in order to meet this goal. Scores of projects will be launched under the Voluntary Agreements from fish screens and fish passages to the creation and improvement of habitat to the removal of predator hotspots. These projects, combined with environmental water budgets, will help repair our critical ecosystems and keep them healthy for future generations. (See project maps) PPIC notes one existing project as an example of the kinds of multi-benefit projects necessary: “The Sacramento Valley salmon restoration program—which facilitates the use of the region’s lands and waters for agriculture, waterfowl habitat, salmon migration, and flood control—is a good example.”

Science is real, let’s use it. One thing we know for certain is that our current system is not working for anyone or anything, including the environment. Over the past decade, threatened fish have continued to decline and one of the reasons is outdated science. Our existing regulatory system is simply not nimble enough, nor does it include enough flexibility to adapt as science evolves. In fact, in passing a new flow plan in December of 2018, the California State Water Resources Board noted that it is currently not allowed to consider any factors other than water quality requirements and the amount of water in our rivers. That means they could not utilize everything we’ve learned about the multiple causes of declining fish populations. Under the Voluntary Agreements a new adaptive management structure will allow us to monitor progress and adjust as our experience and knowledge grow – and that’s good for everyone.

Solutions are tailored to ecosystems. The needs of the ecosystem on the Sacramento River are different from the San Joaquin, which are different from the Feather River and on down the line. Rather than apply one-size-fits-all solutions, the Voluntary Agreements are built on a foundation of local expert knowledge and experience, with all stakeholders at the table.

Governor Newsom and his administration have shown tremendous vision in making this break with business as usual. The Voluntary Agreements are a bold move into the future, and we look forward to working with all water users to make them successful. The time is now for Californians to choose a science-based future for our water supply and the environment.

Statement by California Farm Water Coalition Executive Director Mike Wade on the Release of the New Biological Opinions

October 22, 2019 in Endangered Species, Releases

Statement by California Farm Water Coalition Executive Director Mike Wade on the Release of the New Biological Opinions

The release of the new Biological Opinions on salmon, Delta smelt and other species is good news for water users and the environment. Moving from an approach that used a calendar to make ecosystem decisions to one that uses the latest science is the smart way to provide better protection for California’s resources. New, more efficient protections for threatened and endangered fish are essential to being able to manage our water supply system in a way that optimizes it for farmers, urban water users, and dedicated environmental purposes.

The new Biological Opinions will play a critical role in helping implement Governor Gavin Newsom’s Voluntary Agreements, a process underway in California that will provide more water for environmental purposes, funds to pay for habitat improvement projects, and flexibility for water users who depend on reliable water supplies to grow our food.

This announcement is the culmination of more than 10 years of work to research better ways to understand and protect the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. The biological opinions being replaced were based on an arbitrary, calendar-based approach, and have not delivered the successful recovery of salmon and Delta smelt populations. The new biological opinions also address threats to certain steelhead, green sturgeon, and killer whales, species cited as casualties in the outdated form of ecosystem management.

The new Biological Opinions mean that for farms, fish, and people, this is the dawn of a new science-based approach to water and ecosystem management. We are anxious to put these new policies into practice and expect to see a positive response for water users and the environment in the years to come.

Voluntary Agreements are the Future of California’s Water and Environmental Management

September 19, 2019 in CFWC Blog

Voluntary Agreements are the Future of California’s Water and Environmental Management

Let’s be clear. One of the most significant efforts for environmental protection to emerge in California will come with the completion of the Voluntary Agreements. However, if Senate Bill 1 (SB 1) becomes law, it threatens the Voluntary Agreements and all the hope they bring for new environmental protections and water supply reliability.

SB 1 is legislation that proponents argue would protect California from potential changes in environmental and labor laws at the federal level. Opponents of the bill expressed concern that it would harm efforts to enact a set of Voluntary Agreements designed to improve both water supply reliability and ecosystem resources. The potential destruction of the Voluntary Agreements is at the heart of Governor Newsom’s announced intention to veto SB 1.

These agreements, the result of cooperation between many large and small water users, includes an unprecedented level of environmental funding. For the first time, farms and other large water users are agreeing to tax themselves to provide hundreds of millions in funding to restore water flows and improve ecosystems.

And you don’t have to take our word for it. Senator Dianne Feinstein, Representative Josh Harder, Representative Jim Costa, Representative John Garamendi, and Representative TJ Cox all expressed their support for the Voluntary Agreement approach to solving California’s perennial water battles. Their efforts and those of more than 180 state and local organizations support the Governor’s attempt to move California water and environmental management into the future. It’s time we break away from old ways of doing things that have worked for no one and enter a new era of cooperation.

It is illuminating that the Voluntary Agreement approach received such wide support during the negotiations over the past several months of the legislative session, and indeed, over many years leading us to today.

Some people are saying that water users “threatened” to walk away from the Voluntary Agreements if SB1 passes. The truth is exactly the opposite. It is SB 1 that threatens the Voluntary Agreements. If this law goes into effect it takes away the very flexibility that made the compromises possible. After decades of work, walking away from the VAs is the very last thing we, or many in the state want.

The list of groups opposing SB 1, and supporting the VAs, includes water suppliers that serve most Californians and many local and the statewide organizations, including the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce, Orange County Business Council, Construction Industry Coalition on Water Quality, the Valley Industry and Commerce Association (VICA), the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, Santa Clara Valley Water District, the Turlock and Modesto Irrigation Districts, and many others. And there’s a reason for that. They believe there is a better way to solve water and environmental management challenges than following a path that will lead us to the courts.

That path is a dead end. What is needed is a generational change toward water and environmental management in California. A new approach that focuses on new science, a dedicated block of water for stream flows, a funding plan, and the habitat restoration projects that will revive the ecosystem in many parts of the state. That is the new approach that Californians want and that is what we will get from the Voluntary Agreements. Let’s work together on a new era of cooperation and move into the future together.